Component Parts of A Conveying System

 Component Parts of a conveyor system

A conveyor system is a fast and efficient mechanical handling device used to automatically transport loads and materials within an area. The system minimizes human error, reduces workplace risk and lowers labor costs. They help move bulky or heavy items from one point to another. Conveyor belts supplier shows you.

Belt conveyors

Typically, a conveyor system consists of a belt that spans two or more pulleys. The belt forms a closed loop around the pulleys, so it can rotate continuously. A pulley, called a drive pulley, drives or pulls the belt, moving items from one position to another.

The most common conveyor system designs use a rotor to power the drive pulley and the belt. The belt remains attached to the rotor by friction between the two surfaces. In order for the belt to move efficiently, the drive and idler pulleys must run in the same direction, clockwise or counterclockwise.

Basic Components

The conveying system consists of three main components: the belt support, the pulley and the drive unit. Each component plays a vital role in the operation of the conveying unit. While all conveying systems contain these components, the design differs in the materials of construction and the location of each component.

Belt Support

It is the component that ensures the smooth movement of the belt. If the support unit is not strong, the belt will sag when workers place heavy objects on it, and the sagging will cause the belt to not move properly or quickly. Using a strong support unit keeps the belt pulled tight and running efficiently.

Belt pulley

It is an external component used to control the movement of the belt. Each unit has at least two pulleys, one that runs under power and one that runs at idle. More complex conveyor systems may have additional rotors throughout the frame.

Drive Unit

This unit contains a reversing bearing that keeps the part moving efficiently. The unit also allows the conveyor to move in reverse and manages repetitive directional adjustments for some systems. Some conveyor systems are manually operated. These systems still use the drive unit; however, it is not motorized.

Benefits of conveying systems

The main purpose of a conveyor system is to move objects from one position to another. The design allows for the movement of objects that are too heavy or bulky for humans to carry by hand.
Conveyor systems can save time when transporting objects from one location to another. Because they may tend to span multiple levels, they can more easily move items up and down the floor, a task that can cause physical strain when performed manually by humans. Inclined conveyors can automatically unload materials without the need for someone to receive debris at the other end.


For modern warehouses, manual transfer operations cannot keep up with the level of throughput required to fulfill orders quickly and in a cost-effective manner. Conveyor systems can increase productivity, improve ergonomics, reduce product damage and provide better access to materials and reduce workplace hazards. If you are considering a conveyor machine, consider your budget, the speed required to get the job done, space and other constraints, and of course your loading and unloading schedule.

Contact AOYUAN for a professional partnership, and our conveyor belts will bring your production up to speed!




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